When you see this symbol, it signifies that the author is a Nobel Prize winner.
Stop by the Nobel Prize Internet Archive for a complete list of winners.
"Writing, at its best, is a lonely life...He grows in public stature as he sheds his loneliness and often his work deteriorates. For he does his work alone and if he is a good enough writer he must face eternity, or the lack of it, each day."
Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech, 1954
Few American authors have offered as powerful a definition of the 20th-century hero as Ernest Hemingway. Hemingway's fiction is a model of contemporary heroism. It centers on disillusionment with the conventions of an optimistic, patriotic society and a belief that the essence of life is violence, from which there is no refuge.
Hemingway's own life bore a notable resemblance to the lives of his fictional characters. He was born in the Chicago suburb of Oak Park on July 21, 1899. His father, a doctor, initiated him early into his own love for the Michigan woods and the hunting and fishing that could be found there. Growing up, Ernest boxed and played football, but he also wrote poetry, short stories, and a column for the school newspaper. Hemingway yearned to enlist in the army during WWI but he was rejected because of a boxing injury to the eye. He instead landed a job as a reporter on the Kansas City Star. He reached the war a year later as an ambulance driver for the Italian army; but he had barely joined his unit when he was wounded in the knee. This wound was a crucial episode in both his real and creative life. During his long convalescence in an Italian hospital, he fell in love with a nurse who became the model for Catherine Barkley, the heroine of his novel A Farewell to Arms.
Jump to an article on Hemingway from Encarta Encyclopedia.
Hemingway, Ernest Miller
"All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn."
Hemingway Works Online
Toreador by Mary Cassatt
Jump to an article on bullfigting from Encarta Encyclopedia
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